Bibliography

Books:

Eugene Richards.MIT Press,New edition (22 Aug 1974).Few comforts or surprises: The Arkansas Delta

Elliot Erwitt, W.W.Norton & Co,First Edition(16 Nov 1988).Personal exposures. Schirmer/Mosel Verlag Gm (2012)

Garry Winogrand, Frish Brandt.1999-01-02.The man in the crowd. Fraenkel Gallery

John Szarkowski, Garry Winogrand.1988.Figments from the real world. Museum of modern art

Martha Cooper.Dokument forlag,1 edition (5 Feb 2009).Tag Town

Martin Parr and Ian Walker.Dewi Lewis, revised edition (5 nov 2009).The last resort: Photographs of New Brighton Stockport

Paul Graham.Beyond Caring. Bristol: Grey Editions, 1985

Paul Graham.Empty Heaven. Zurich: Scalo, 1995

Paul Graham.A Shimmer of Possibility. Göttingen: SteidlMack, 2009

Susanne, Lange (2006). Bernd and Hilla Becher: Life and Work. The MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-12286-3

The devils playground, Nan Goldin (2003) London.Publisher:Richard Schlagman


Web links:

http://www.atgetphotography.com/The-Photographers/Garry-Winogrand.html

Viewed 22/11/14

http://www.americanphotomag.com/photo-gallery/2014/05/elliot-erwitt-work?page=1

Viewed 27/11/14

http://www.biography.com/people/henri-cartier-bresson-9240139

Viewed 20/11/14

http://www.doobybrain.com/2010/06/14/martha-cooper-talks-about-graffiti-tags/

Viewed 28/11/14

http://enjp.blouinartinfo.com/news/story/1011289/interview-candida-hofer-on-japanese-urban-space

Viewed 21/11/14

http://www.encyclopedia.com>

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http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/fb39e1e8-93c8-11e3-a0e1-00144feab7de.html#axzz3JZHUyfUU

Viewed 20/11/14

http://hautlieucreative.co.uk/Photography/2014A2E/elliot-erwitt-david-bailey-preferences-for-film/

Viewed 27/11/14

http://hyperallergic.com/102/martha-cooper-tagtown-goingpostal/

Viewed 28/11/14

http://life.time.com/alfred-eisenstaedt/

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http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/exhibitions/2014

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http://www.oldskull.net/2009/03/martha-cooper/

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http://prettycoolpeopleinterviews.submarinechannel.nl/martha-cooper/

Viewed 28/11/4

http://www.photoeye.com/Auctions/Auction.cfm?id=6278

Viewed 27/11/14

http://photography.nationalgeographic.com/photography/photographers/photographer-eugene-richards/

Viewed 27/11/14

http://www.parisvoice.com/photography/35-martin-parrs-true-colors

Viewed 27/11/14

http://paulgrahamarchive.com

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http://www.signandsight.com/features/338.html

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http://www.standard.co.uk/goingout/exhibitions/malevich-tate-modern–exhibition-review-9608561.html

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http://www.suyeonyun.com/bio.php

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http://www.suyeonyun.com/work_1.php

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http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2014/mar/23/nan-goldin-photographer-wanted-get-high-early-age

Viewed 19/10/14

http://www.tate.org.uk/research/publications/tate-papers/photographic-comportment-bernd-and-hilla-becher

Viewed 20/11/14

http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/kazimir-malevich-1561

Viewed 5/12/14

http://whitecube.com/channel/in_the_gallery_past/jeff_wall_on_boy_falls_from_tree/

Viewed 13/10/14

Viewed 19/10/2014

Viewed 20/11/14

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Brighton Photo Biennial

A while back i went to the Brighton Photo Biennial, the UK’s largest international photography festival. Work from different photographers were on display such as photographer Alex Buckley, James Casey, Elizabeth Edwards, Andrew Lacon, Hannah Starkey, Syd Shelton and many others. looking through the variety of their work had me in awe, i enjoy exploring and learning new things, so a variety is always at my interest.

  

One of the exhibitions that i came across was ‘The mass education project’. The Project explores autobiographical accounts, that were hand written in diaries, photographs and flip books; and discover everyday activities and personal thoughts of individuals across different communities. Since 1937 anonymous individuals have submitted entries documenting their everyday lives to the mass observation archive, creating an unparalleled collective portrait of British society. Working in partnership with schools and community organisations in the South East, the mass observation archive have led creative workshops to enable people of all ages to document in text and photograph their daily lives and share those aspects of their community.

The mass observation archive specialises in material about everyday life in Britain. It contains papers generated by the original mass observation social research organisation (1937 to early 1950s), and newer material collected continuously since 1981. The Archive is a charitable trust in the care of the University of Sussex.

     

Everyday Semiotics

As we know sighs play a very big part in our everyday lives. From an early age we are all taught the meaning of most signs in order for us to operate and understand how things work in the real world. Some signs are informative for eg, Toilets (male/female), Notices (shops,bars,clubs, building regulations), restrictions (no running, no dogs, no smoking). Some signs mean safety for eg, Lights (car lights, street lamps, traffic lights), warnings (high voltage, deep water,road works). We are taught what these signs mean so that when we come across them in person, the human mind automatically knows how to respond to it. It is important that we get taught the meaning of these signs from a young age as they could one day save your life, for eg if there is a very dangerous hazard, knowing that the sign says not to go any closer to it can keep you from serious harm.

As a conclusion, signs are made up of two parts. The signifier and the signified.
The Signifier is the visual  aspect of the sign,what we can see. The Signified is the mentality that comes with the meaning of the sign that is learnt through society and culture.


Semiotic signs